Here you will find information & video links that example the phonic sounds we use how how we use them in school
Phonic Knowledge & Skills
Phase 1 - Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase 2 - Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read and simple captions.
Phase 3 - The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Graphemes not covered by single letters such as cc, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the 'simple code', i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase 4 - No new graphemes-phoneme correspondences are taught in the this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants (e.g. swim, clap, jump, etc.)
Phase 5 - Now we move onto the 'complex code.' Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase 6 - Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters, etc.